Spine Surgery may be recommended if non-surgical treatment such as medications and physical therapy fails to relieve symptoms such as prolonged pain or other complications of the back or spinal cord. Surgery is only considered in cases where the exact source of pain can be determined—such as a herniated disc, scoliosis, or spinal stenosis. Traditionally, spine surgery is usually performed as open surgery. This entails opening the operative site with a long incision so the surgeon can view and access the spinal anatomy. However, technology has advanced to the point where more spine conditions can be treated with minimally invasive techniques. Minimally invasive spine surgery leads to shorter operative time and faster recovery.